The Bhagavad Gita is the oldest and most important sacred scripture of Hinduism.  There are many scriptures in Hinduism, but the significance of the Gita is supernatural.  The Gita is considered a Smriti Granth. 
The original Bhagavad Gita is composed in Sanskrit, with a total of 12 chapters and 200 verses.  The entire Gita, with the exception of a few verses, is in Anushtup verse.  The Gita dates back to about AD.  It is believed to be 602 BC.

Mahabharata is one of the two Adigranthas of India composed by Maharshi Vedavyas.  The Mahabharata is a story of political rivalry, competition, and finally war between the Pandavas and the Kauravas.  On the first day of the battle of Mahabharata, Pandava Arjuna asks his friend, guide, and well-meaning Lord Krishna to take the chariot between the two armies.  While observing the two armies, Arjuna realized that millions of people had died.  Frightened by the consequences of the war, he began to think not to fight.  The bow falls from his hand and he sits in the chariot and without knowing any way asks Krishna for guidance.  The dialogues of Arjuna and Krishna are in the Bhishma Parva of the Mahabharata.  Those eighteen chapters are popularly known as the Gita.

 In the Gita, Arjuna represents man and asks various questions from man to Lord Krishna regarding life.  According to the Gita, human life is a battle in which everyone has to fight.  The message of the Gita is to move forward without retreating in battle.
 At the end of the eighteenth chapter of the Gita, God says - I have told you what is the right way, now do as you wish.  Thus the Gita does not insist on doing anything like any ordinary scripture, but shows the right way and gives man the freedom to make decisions.
Bhagavad Gita, is a part of the 5th Veda (written by Vedavyasa - ancient Indian saint) and Indian Epic - Mahabharata. It was narrated for the first time in the battle of Kurukshetra, by Lord Krishna to Arjun.

The Bhagavad Gita, also referred to as Gita, is a 700–verse Dharmic scripture that is part of the ancient Sanskrit epic Mahabharata. This scripture contains a conversation between Pandava prince Arjuna and his guide Krishna on a variety of philosophical issues.
Faced with a fratricidal war, a despondent Arjuna turns to his charioteer Krishna for counsel on the battlefield. Krishna, through the course of the Bhagavad Gita, imparts to Arjuna wisdom, the path to devotion, and the doctrine of selfless action. The Bhagavad Gita upholds the essence and the philosophical tradition of the Upanishads. However, unlike the rigorous monism of the Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita also integrates dualism and theism.
Numerous commentaries have been written on the Bhagavad Gita with widely differing views on the essentials, beginning with Adi Sankara's commentary on the Bhagavad Gita in the eighth century CE. Commentators see the setting of the Bhagavad Gita in a battlefield as an allegory for the ethical and moral struggles of the human life. The Bhagavad Gita's call for selfless action inspired many leaders of the Indian independence movement including Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, who referred to the Bhagavad Gita as his "spiritual dictionary".

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