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Thursday, May 21, 2020

Find out how the hurricane got the name Amphan?

Find out how the hurricane got the name 'Amphan'
Hurricane Amfan has reached near the coast of Odisha. Due to this its effect is spreading in the coastal area. It is raining here with stormy winds. Amphan has been made the person most likely to collide on the beach today.
Amphan is a severe cyclonic storm that is set to hit the coast of West Bengal's Digha and Hatia Islands of Bangladesh during the afternoon or evening of May 20. The tropical cyclone had intensified into a super cyclonic storm between May 17 and 18, according to IMD. At least 19 teams of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) have been deployed in West Bengal in view of the approaching cyclone. The cyclone Amphan comes a year after cyclone 'Fani' on May 3, 2019 that claimed the lives of 64 people.

What is a cyclone?
According to meteorology, cyclone is a large scale of mass that rotates around a strong centre of low atmospheric pressure. It is characterised by strong winds, thunderstorms and heavy rainfall. When a storm develops over the Indian ocean, it is referred to as tropical cyclones or severe cyclonic storms.

How did the naming get started?
Hurricane naming in the Atlantic began in 1953. But the naming of hurricanes in the 8 countries coming into the Indian Ocean was started in 2004. For which India took the initiative. Areas in the Indian Ocean include Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, Thailand and Sri Lanka. In 2018, Iran, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, UAE and Yemen were also added to the list.

Who gave the name Amphan?
This time the hurricane has been renamed the amphan given by Thailand. In Thai, amphan means sky. In 2004, 64 hurricanes were named. This is the last name on the list. Bangladesh had earlier named the hurricane Helen. The nickname was given by Myanmar. The name Hudhud was given to Oman. Nilofar and Varda were named after Pakistan. The current storm in the Bay of Bengal was named after the butterfly that gave Pakistan.

What does a super cyclone mean?
A super cyclone means a hurricane that causes severe damage to areas along its path. The hurricane draws strength from the sea. Then it moves towards the earth. A cyclone forming at the equator rotates counterclockwise. A hurricane forming below the equator rotates clockwise. The reason is that the earth revolves around its own home. In the language of science, it is called a tropical cyclone.

Find out how the hurricane got the name Amphan?

What happens in a hurricane?
The hurricane hits the coast at speeds of 150 to 250 kmph. Which causes stormy winds to blow as well as rain. Hurricanes cause major damage in the coastal area, from uprooting trees. Sea water seeps into cities and coastal areas. Depending on the intensity of the hurricane, it causes loss of life and property.

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