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Sunday, September 8, 2019

100 Questions Objective Questionnaire on Gujarat History

100 Questions Objective Questionnaire on Gujarat History 
May 1 is a significant day in Indian history. 56 years ago, the modern day state of Maharashtra was formed, and the day is celebrated as Maharashtra Day.Back then, the States Reorganization Act, 1956, clearly stated the boundaries for states within India on the basis of languages.

The Bombay State was formed under this act. People speaking different languages ​​like Marathi, Gujarati, Kutchi and Konkani asked for it. However, having two linguistic units in one state was not working out.

The Sanyukta Maharashtra Samiti was leading the movement to divide Bombay into two states - one where people spoke directly in Gujarati and Kutchhi. And the other where people are mostly spoken Marathi and Konkani.

            

The day is commemorated with a parade at Shivaji Park, Dadar. The State Governor, State Reserve Police Force, BMC Force, Home Guards, Mumbai Police, Civil Defense members are a part of this parade. It also has a public holiday and banks, stock markets and offices remain closed.

Early in the morning, the flag hoisting is held at the district headquarters in the Guardian ministers as they salute the martyrs on the day. Many important personalities from various fields like academia, police, sports and doctors are rewarded on the day for making valuable contributions in their respective fields.

There are private celebrations too. Traditional lavani, lezim performances, folk songs and narration of poetries by popular Marathi saints are also conducted, and people often dress up in traditional Marathi attire.

Gujarat finds mention in ancient historical artifacts. The history of Gujarat encompasses the Indus Valley civilization. The history of Gujarat is replete with the mementos and associated artifacts of ancient civilization. About 50 Harappan settlement ruins were discovered in Gujarat.

The Dravidian tribes were the original inhabitants of the region. The ancient history of Gujarat was enriched by their commercial activities. There is clear historical evidence of trade and commerce ties with Sumer in the Persian Gulf during the period from 1000 to 750 BC.

The history of Gujarat saw an Aryan invasion followed by a brief period of Greek rule. There was a succession of Hindu kingdoms including the Guptas of the era and culminating in the reign of the Solankis.

The 9th century history of Gujarat saw the emergence of the Muslims in the political arena of the state. The first Muslim conqueror was Mohammad of Ghazni whose conquest of Somnath effectively ended the rule of the Solankis. The Mughals established and consolidated their rule from the Delhi rule of the Mughals lasted for two centuries before it ended the Marathas in the 18th century.
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The history of Gujarat began with Stone Age settlements followed by Chalcolithic and Bronze Age settlements like Indus Valley Civilization. Gujarat's coastal cities, mainly Bharuch, served as ports and trading centers in the Nanda, Maurya, Satavahana and Gupta empires as well as the Western Kshatrapas period.

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